Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Juveniles In Prison Essays - Criminology, Penology,

Juveniles In Prison Juveniles in Adult Prisons Term Project Abstract A deep look into juveniles in adult prisons. Touch bases on several smaller issues that contribute to juveniles being in and effects of adult prisons. The United States Bureau of Prisons handles two hundred and thirty-nine juveniles and their average age is seventeen. Execution of juveniles, The United States is one of only six countries to execute juveniles. There are sixty-eight juveniles sitting on death row for crimes committed as juveniles. Forty-three of those inmates are minorities. People, who are too young to vote, drink alcohol, or drive are held to the same standard of responsibility as adults. In prisons, they argue that the juveniles become targets of older, more hardened criminals. Brian Stevenson, Director of the Alabama Capital Resource Center said, ?We have totally given up in the idea of reform of rehabilitation for the very young. We are basically saying we will throw those kids away. Leading To Prison Juvenile Justi ce Bulletin Report shows that two-thirds of juveniles apprehended for violent offenses were released or put on probation. Only slightly more than one-third of youths charged with homicide was transferred to adult criminal court. Little more than one out of every one hundred New York youths arrested for muggings, beatings, rape and murder ended up in a correctional institution. Another report showed a delinquent boy has to be arrested on average thirteen times before the court will act more restrictive than probation. Laws began changing as early as 1978 in New York to try juveniles over 12 who commit violent crimes as adults did. However, even since the laws changed only twenty percent of serious offenders served any time. The decision of whether to waive a juvenile to the adult or criminal court is made in a transfer hearing. The two major criteria for waiver are the age of the child and type of offense alleged in the petition. Some jurisdictions require the child to be over a cert ain age and charged with a felony, while others permit waiver if the child is over a certain age regardless of offense. Still yet, others have no conditions. Juveniles can be tried in all stated in one of three ways: 1. Concurrent Jurisdiction: the prosecutor has the discretion of filing charge offenses in either juvenile or criminal court. 2. Excluded offenses: the legislature excludes from juvenile court jurisdiction certain offenses that are either very minor, such as traffic or fishing violations, or very serious, such as murder or rape. 3. Judicial waiver: the juvenile court waives its jurisdiction and transfers the case to criminal court. Barry Feld, Juvenile Law Scholar, suggests that waivers to adult court be mandatory for serious crimes. Those espousing the crime control model believe that the overriding purpose is protection of the public, deterrence or violent juvenile behavior, and the incarceration of serious youthful offenders in the adult criminal justice system. The rehabilitative justice model view this as an attack on the juvenile justice system, but crime control advocates consider such steps a necessary response to a rising juvenile violence rate. Life in Adult Prison The Southwest Multi County Corrections Center, a two-story adult jail is the largest maximum-security program for juveniles under federal authority. The BOP pays $99.80 a day for each juvenile. About half of the juveniles are over two hundred and fifty miles from home. Distance is on the main criticisms of putting juveniles in the BOP system. Most experts agree that for rehabilitation to succeed, families of jailed youths should be involved in their therapy and lives. Larry Beredtro, President of Reclaiming Youth International, address ?Obviously, the government needs to cease using nonregional placement for kids. My concern has been with the issue of the federal government placing kids hundreds or thousands of miles away from home. The facility Director Norbert Sickler says ? the facility helps pay travel expenses for some families and offers free accommodations in the area. We do encourage the kids to keep family connections both by writing and telephone also.? The BOP does plan to house all federal juveniles within two hundred and fifty miles of their homes by fiscal year 2000. Staff attorney for the Youth Law Center says

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Oroonoko And Narrator Role Essays - Novellas, Oroonoko, Behn

Oroonoko And Narrator Role In Oroonoko, Behn establishes her authority within the opening lines and consistently reminds her audience of her position as narrator by mentioning her personal role in the story. In the second paragraph, Behn establishes this authority by saying, "I was myself an eyewitness to a great part of what you will find here set down, and what I could not be witness of, I received from the mouth of the chief actor in this history, the hero himself who gave us the whole transactions of his youth...(1867) In this passage, Behn uses first person and testifies that she was indeed a personal acquaintance of Oroonoko. She also says that Oroonoko gave her his life history from his own mouth. The rest of Oroonoko, Behn was herself, "an eyewitness". This also means that the author and the narrator are one single entity. Behn acknowledges that it is she who writes this story, through her own narration. In other words, the narrator is not a character of the story, but the authoritative author. Throughout the first half of the story, Behn maintains an aura of authority through various devices. She speaks to her readers almost as if in an informal conversation, using contractions such as "'em". Behn also frequently uses asides such as in the following, "There is a certain ceremony in these cases to be observed, which I forgot to ask him how performed; but 'twas concluded on both sides that, in obedience to him..." (1872) In this Behn draws her readers into an intimate account of a personal story. To strengthen her position, Behn's account is wrought with detail. One would assume that the readers of her time would be quite unfamiliar with her subject matter, so she seeks to enlighten with descriptions of detail. For example, Behn describes Oroonoko, "[h]e was pretty tall, but of a shape the most exact that can be fancied. The most famous statuary could not form the figure.... His face was not of that brown, rusty black which most of that nation are, but a perfect ebony or polished jet. His eyes were the most awful that could be seen, and very piercing, the white of'em being like snow, as were his teeth. His nose was rising and Roman, instead of African and flat; his mouth the finest shaped that could be seen..."(1871) Without this detail that Behn paints, her readers could not have such a clear picture, but because she was there, she has taken it upon herself to provide her audience with a clear image. Behn also made a statement about Christianity by comparing Oroonoko's morality with that of the Christian men. "For the captain had protested to him upon the word of a Christian, and sworn in the name of a great God, which he should violate, he would expect eternal torment in the world to come." Behn then includes Oroonoko's retort, "Let him know I swear by my honor; which to violate, would not only render me contemptible and despised by all brave and honest men..." (1886) Through Behn's depiction of the two men, the captain and Oroonoko, she expresses the contrasting moral values, thus making a strong point about her own culture. As the author and narrator, she exercises her authority to do so, making simultaneously, a point about her position of authority. Had she not been able to represent, in herself, a position of authority, she would not have taken such a stance. Finally, in the closing lines of her story, Behn acknowledges that she, "by the reputation of her pen" has the authority to convey such a story. In those innocent six words, Behn not only acknowledges her authority of Oroonoko's story, but her own greatness as author as well.

Sunday, November 24, 2019

Free Essays on Storming Heaven

Industrialization brought about many changes to the people of Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia. The work place changed dramatically. Before factories and big offices there were things such as farms, people working in barns, merchants, and artisans. People were beginning to work outside the home and an agricultural society had a lot more value than working at home did. Most of the factories were built in the cities and this brought a lot of immigrants to the United States. Not only were immigrants involved but women as well. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries almost all of the land of West Virginia was taken over by coal companies. If people didn’t sell their land they were forced to without knowing what consequences laid in front of them. The coal companies had control of almost every aspect of life. In the novel Storming Heaven the lives of many individuals are drastically changed. You really get a sense of what it was like to actually live the lives that these people did. The novel starts out in Justice and Payne counties which are under the rule of Sheriff Don Chafin. He is working with the coal mines and prohibits the right to organize which keeps unions out of the countries. This is where the lives of these four characters unfold. C.J. Marcum is the first character that is introduced. He sees the evil schemes of the coal companies in their efforts to take the land. â€Å"I was proud of it. My papaw, Henry Marcum, had refused the sign the paper giving the minerals to the railroad. Still he was scared.† (pg.4). You can feel the irony of how it felt for these people to stand up for what they believed in. You can also feel the terror of losing their land. The next character introduced is Rondal Lloyd. Rondal is a smart boy who enters the coal mining with his father at a young age. Rondal and C.J’s paths cross when they join together to go against the coal mining companies. â€Å"American Coal Company ow... Free Essays on Storming Heaven Free Essays on Storming Heaven Industrialization brought about many changes to the people of Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia. The work place changed dramatically. Before factories and big offices there were things such as farms, people working in barns, merchants, and artisans. People were beginning to work outside the home and an agricultural society had a lot more value than working at home did. Most of the factories were built in the cities and this brought a lot of immigrants to the United States. Not only were immigrants involved but women as well. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries almost all of the land of West Virginia was taken over by coal companies. If people didn’t sell their land they were forced to without knowing what consequences laid in front of them. The coal companies had control of almost every aspect of life. In the novel Storming Heaven the lives of many individuals are drastically changed. You really get a sense of what it was like to actually live the lives that these people did. The novel starts out in Justice and Payne counties which are under the rule of Sheriff Don Chafin. He is working with the coal mines and prohibits the right to organize which keeps unions out of the countries. This is where the lives of these four characters unfold. C.J. Marcum is the first character that is introduced. He sees the evil schemes of the coal companies in their efforts to take the land. â€Å"I was proud of it. My papaw, Henry Marcum, had refused the sign the paper giving the minerals to the railroad. Still he was scared.† (pg.4). You can feel the irony of how it felt for these people to stand up for what they believed in. You can also feel the terror of losing their land. The next character introduced is Rondal Lloyd. Rondal is a smart boy who enters the coal mining with his father at a young age. Rondal and C.J’s paths cross when they join together to go against the coal mining companies. â€Å"American Coal Company ow...

Thursday, November 21, 2019

Bonus 4 assignment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Bonus 4 assignment - Essay Example The study will focus on bars as the centers to pick the subjects. For the study, three bars have been identified. At the first bar, the researcher sits down, asks a provocative question so as to watch who are the possible subjects at the bar (Dryfoos, 1991). Question: Who hates high school life? After the question, at least a response will be raised and then the respondents will be questioned personally whether they dropped out of school. The choice of the three bars is also based on the information that high school dropouts frequent them. For the study, five subjects are needed from each bar. At the first bar, after questioning those who responded to the first question, it is likely to get a 2/4 school dropout number as the timing will be 11 am – 12 Noon, when non-working, non-school going, dropouts frequent the bar. After identifying the five subjects, they will be assured of their confidentiality, then the survey forms will be administered so the subjects will fill it out (Dryfoos, 1991). The questions will include: How much do you drink and smoke? What were the causes for starting to drink and when? Why did you drop out of school – were you suspended or expelled for drug use, and had you started drinking before dropping out? What effect did the company you kept after dropping out of school play? Did you have trouble during early years of school? Did you perform well at school, and did you have problems at home during your schooling time? (b). Purposive sampling: will involve the study of the entire groups at the three bars during our timing of study: 11 am -12 noon. From interviewing all the members at the bars during that time, the school dropouts will be identified and the information from them compiled. The questions to be asked during the interview include: Are you a high school dropout? If yes, the interview will continue, if NO, they

Wednesday, November 20, 2019

Full Day Kindergarten. It is effecitve Does it allow for higher Research Proposal

Full Day Kindergarten. It is effecitve Does it allow for higher academic acheivement in the elementary grades - Research Proposal Example Thus, the first five years of a person’s life are essential time for enormous growth. It is the stage when enormous cognitive, linguistic, emotional, social and psychomotor skills are being developed (Dwyer et al., 2000). A research on cognitive development underlines that a supportive context plays an important role in strengthening and supporting the process of learning in a specific domain. Certain techniques that serve as an alleyway into the developing brain allow researchers to see that stimulation from the environment alters the course of the very physiology of the brain that interconnects nature and nurture. An array of theoretical perspectives put forward that a significant characteristic of a supportive environment is a responsible and responsive adult. Parents, teachers, and caregivers are the ones who uphold development as they fashion learning experiences that make the most of and broaden the childs competence. These experiences should be challenging but, at the same time, within reach. To make this possible, these adults have to be sensitive to the individual and developmental characteristics of the child (Bowman et al., 1999). An excellent vehicle through which children build knowledge is through playing. Playing provides opportunities to discover new skills by means of dynamic exploration of hands-on materials needed by the children. However, safe and comfortable environments wherein they can put these newly acquired skills into practice and utilize them to further learn new knowledge (Pennsylvania Department of Education and Department of Welfare, 2007). The individual learning and development of a child is built around on a continuum that is based on previous knowledge and experiences. The unique learning style, ability and experiences are put together to uphold further progress along the continuum. The physical, social-emotional cognitive and other domains of learning should be developed alongside each other to create the

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Nationalisation of banks in India Research Proposal

Nationalisation of banks in India - Research Proposal Example In order to regulate potentiality of banking institutions, many nations have nationalized the banks in their country. In India, this nationalization has made it possible to establish bank branches throughout the nation and expansion of banking services to several areas of development. Moreover, this nationalization of banks had been instrumental in mobilizing deposits from citizens. Consequently, there had been a significant growth in deposits and advances. As such, most of the banks have expanded their branches and mobilized deposits (Bisht, Mishra and Belwal). The present banking system in India did not develop overnight. It was the result of the expansion – reorganization process and the consolidation of resources. This process had developed gradually over a period of time. There were three important phases in the development of the extant banking system, namely, the pre – nationalization phase, the post – nationalization phase and the post – liberalization phase. All these phases include the development of the market through innovative measures and diversified expansion into financial services. The expansion process has not stopped with this. Increased Internet use had added a fourth dimension to the banking system. The Internet has completely changed the concepts and traditional look of the banking system. The traditional banking system has been transformed due to electronic cash deposits and withdrawals. The electronic delivery channels have provided far more choices to customers and large industries (Bisht , Mishra and Belwal). In the past, the banking system was solely devoted to its economic objectives. However, this perception changed, subsequent to the nationalization of banks. The nationalized banks have a social responsibility and they have to fulfill social objectives (Bisht, Mishra and Belwal). The nationalization of banks commenced in the year 1969. In the first phase,